4 Ways to Price a Product

4 Ways to Price a Product
Sagun Shrestha |
How to price a product online? How do do dynamic pricing with competitive price intelligence software and service.

The Product’s Price is one of the most essential elements that will dictate whether a customer will buy your product.

How you set this depends upon your customer’s willingness and ability to pay, your cost and competitive dynamics.

Economic situations and market changes add variability to your product’s prices. Internal factors such as cost of production and distribution, and external factors such as inflation, competition, demand, and macroeconomic trends can have a significant impact.  In order to earn a good Return on Investment, the manufacturer and retailers’ pricing decisions are based on these variables.

Pricing lower than your competitors will not always increase your overall revenue.

Based on our experience working with 100s of retailers and brands across categories, we believe that the following 4 strategies will help a retailer and manufacturer set their product’s market price to consistently and profitably win market share.


1. Cost-based or Cost-plus based

This practice involves setting cost or prices based on the cost of the products or goods that are being sold in the Market. Cost based pricing is a popular practice among brands and manufacturers.

Basically, the process involves addition of small profit percentage on the manufacturing or production cost.

Calculate the cost of your product and add a profit margin to compute final price.

How to Product Price : Cost Pricing


2. Competition or Market based

Competition Based Pricing is all about your competitors. This pricing strategy is solely based on targeting your competitors and their strategy. The method used the information from the Market rather than the product cost or consumer behavior.

Check the price of your competitors. Then set the price of your product to be lower, higher or the same, yet higher than your cost.

Competitor Pricing


3. Dynamic Value based

Utilize dimensions such as competitors’ pricing, competitors reviews,  your brand perception, availability of products, demand fluctuation and your appearance on organic search and ad channels like Google, Amazon and Walmart.

:Dynamic Pricing


4. Product’s Price Elasticity based

Pricing lower than your competitors will not always increase your overall revenue. The right question is – how can you maximize profits while increasing your market share? To answer this, we must understand your product’s sales volume and profits at different prices. In other words, understand your product’s price elasticity (the relationship between change in quantity demanded and price change).

For example, imagine you are experimenting with your price. You have 50 customers buying your product. You find that your revenue fluctuates at different prices as shown in the hypothetical table below –

product price elasticity

This suggests that $18.90 generates the highest revenue despite lower conversion than prices $8 and $13.5. To maximize revenue, you should set your product’s price at $18.90. However, if you want the higher conversion to generate volume (for clearing inventory and other reasons), you set a lower price. This is the Discount Pricing strategy. With this loss leader strategy, you can draw new customers who value lower prices. You can make up by upselling and cross-selling other products to these customers.


Price for long term Business Profit 

With the above strategies, you know how to price your product and maximize market share and/or profits. A few other key points –

  • You must consistently maintain your market share to ensure consistent product profitability. For this, you must run nuanced marketing experiments and stay true to your personal and business goals.
  • You must generate enough cash flow and profits to cover your expenses and keep yourself motivated to continue to grow.
  • You can raise the price of your top seller, offer seasonal discounts and run promotion campaigns.
  • You can offer cross seller items with a discount to a customer who has previously bought a certain item. For example, if your customer bought a laptop, you can offer him/her a discount on laptop accessories.

Ultimately, Pricing is an art that incorporates creativity and must meet your business objectives. It maximizes profits and allows you to have a sustainable business. With these strategies, you should set your price based on what you believe your product is worth and what is best for your business. And, you must constantly iterate so you are optimizing for your goals.


GrowByData helps retailers and brands collect high-quality market data utilizing algorithms and humans in the loop to give high-quality SKU level insights. With our Product Intelligence Software, we utilize to market and client data to suggest market prices and enable customers to act on the insights to increase revenue and margins.